What Bubbles In Your Urine Might Mean


Do you see bubbles in your urine? Like lots of other strange symptoms you may experience from time to time, it probably isn’t anything serious. If it is a constant condition however, it’s always a good idea to ask your doctor about it. Sometimes, you’ll probably have a few bubbles in your urine, caused by the passage of the urine through the air. When this is the case, the bubbles usually quickly dissipate, leaving only colored water behind.


A Condition Known As Proteinuria


The discussion here focuses on those situations when the water in your toilet becomes foamy or frothy. In other words, your urine creates an excess of bubbles. This condition is known as proteinuria, which as you might have guessed, has something to do with protein in your urine. We almost always have a little protein in our urine, as small amounts of protein are being disposed of as waste matter. Typically, however, the amount of protein isn’t great enough to cause bubbles or foam.

Two Reasons – One Good, One Not Always So Good


There are basically two reasons why you might have bubbles in your urine. One reason is that you have simply ingested more protein than your body has immediate use for. When the body doesn’t need something, it usually tries to get rid of it. This is probably what’s happening when bubbles in your urine are an infrequent occurrence. It’s nothing to be concerned about. Your internal organs are just doing what they are supposed to do. Taking protein powder or supplements can also cause these bubbles to occur. Eating a lot of fish or meat during a meal can be yet another reason for the foam. Even a slight case of dehydration can sometimes be the underlying cause of bubbles in your urine.


Having foamy urine consistently can be another matter, however. It still could be diet related, and it could still be a result of taking protein supplements, but if your diet is not overly rich in protein and you are not taking supplements, the situation could be more serious, and you should consult with your doctor or a urologist. The foamy urine could be the result of:


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  • a gall bladder problem
  • a kidney infection
  • kidney disease
  • kidney failure



Some kidney diseases cause too much protein to be discharged as urine. Kidneys normally dispose of waste, but keep protein in the bloodstream. A damaged or infected kidney, however, sometimes allows the protein to enter into the urinary tract.


It isn’t necessarily always the kidneys that are the source of the problem. Bubbles in your urine may be a symptom of diabetes, and if you are diabetic, you might be used to seeing foamy urine fairly frequently.


A urinary tract infection can also be the culprit. In this case, the bubbles are usually caused by a gas forming organism that has found its way into the urinary tract, and is the source of the infection. Treatment of a urinary tract infection (UTI) is usually accomplished by the administration of antibiotics. Hypertension can also be to blame, as can heart disease or rheumatoid arthritis.


An Abnormal Body Cavity Could Be The Cause


Another cause for the bubbles could be a fistula. A fistula is an abnormal cavity in the body which connects one organ to another. Sometimes, a fistula can be a cause for concern and a source of major problems. At other times, a fistula doesn’t adversely affect the function of the organ or organs it may be associated with. If a fistula exists between the bladder and the colon though, one telltale sign of its presence can be foamy or bubbly urine. Such a fistula is referred to as a vesicocolic fistula. This type of fistula is more common among men than among women because of the significant differences in the anatomy between males and females in that part of the body. Depending upon the nature of this type of fistula, surgery may be required in some instances, and no treatment at all may be needed in others. It’s very much a case-by-case issue.

In summary, if you are experiencing bubbles in your urine, but it occurs rather infrequently, you most likely have nothing to worry about. If it is happening fairly frequently, rather than panicking, you might take stock of what you’ve been eating. Again, meat and fish, or protein supplements, could be the reason for the bubbles. Also, it might be worthwhile to drink more water than usual over a period of time to see if your urine becomes less bubbly. If you’ve allowed yourself to become slightly dehydrated, the extra water could lessen or eradicate the symptom.  Drinking more water will also be beneficial for your kidneys, whether there is a problem with them or not.


If it is indeed a case of proteinuria being caused by a disorder of some kind, there could well be other symptoms present. Swelling of the hands or the feet, the face, or swelling in the abdomen, coupled with foamy urine, is an indication of something more serious than a simple overload of protein. If these additional symptoms are present, your doctor will almost certainly want to have a urinalysis performed and a blood test taken as well.